The Harappan-era archaeological site, Dholavira, was inscribed on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) list of world heritage sites, making it the first site of Indus Valley Civilisation in India to be included on the coveted list on 27th July.
After Champaner, Rani ki Vav, and the walled city area of Ahmedabad, Dholavira is the fourth site from Gujarat to gain the tag.
The decision was taken during the 44th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Fuzhou, China. It comes days after the Kakatiya Rudreshwara temple in Telangana, popularly called the Ramappa Temple, was inscribed on the list.
Also read: India’s pioneers in science and mathematics! 5 scientists of ancient India, the world has forgotten
UNESCO remarks on art and architecture of the city in Gujarat
UNESCO said, “Of note is also the art associated with the city – artefacts of various kinds such as copper, shell, stone, jewellery of semi-precious stones, terracotta, gold, ivory have been found at the site.”
“In addition, the interregional trade links associated with Dholavira, have also been acknowledged as contributing to the shared heritage of humanity.”
As located on Khadir island in the Great Rann of Kutch in Bhachau taluka of Kutch district, Dholavira is around 210 kilometers east of district headquarters Bhuj and spread over 22 hectares.
PM Narendra Modi further tweeted:
“Absolutely delighted by this news. Dholavira was an important urban centre and is one of our most important linkages with our past. It is a must visit, especially for those interested in history, culture and archaeology”.
Description of the city, its unique structures and culture
Officers from the Kutch district administration said that a proposal was forwarded to UNESCO seeking to inscribe Dholavira on the world heritage sites list.
The World Heritage Committee of the UN body approved the proposal at its ongoing virtual session chaired from Fuzhou in China.
Dholavira is an explained example of town planning done with mathematical precision, nice architecture, and a cascading series of water reservoirs right around the built-up area, although well within the outer fortification.
Union Minister for Culture, Tourism, and Development of the North Eastern Region, G Kishan Reddy, said that Dholavira was the 40th site from India to be included on the UNESCO world heritage list and 10th to make it to the list since 2014.
It is locally known as Kotda Timba (the fort mound). The expansive site was discovered in the 1960s by archaeologist Jagat Pati Joshi, who served as the director-general of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) between 1987 and 1990.
The city also had tanks to store rainwater or freshwater harvested from other sources. The remains of copper smelters have also been found, along with memorials having hemispherical structures though no mortal remains of humans have been recovered.